育种人的候鸟生活

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“每当农民朋友用我的种子获得丰收时,我最快乐的时刻就叫我报告嗨,所有的艰辛和疲惫都是值得的!”

本报记者孟向东河南报纸全媒体记者王娟

7月4日中午,太阳很热,夏天播出的农民们正在家里休息,享受寒冷。在防城县宝桥镇大营村,65岁的俞松昌在炎热的太阳下,蹲在他的头上帮助他的辣椒幼苗。

汗水冲向宋昌的脸颊,在他脚下的厚厚的土地上。他告诉记者:“这些幼苗在两周前从实验田移植到大田,看看它们是否能适应这里的生长环境。不要小看这块土地,里面有1500种组合,每个组合都有一个数字,数字不能乱,你要用红色的小卡片来清楚地标记。“这时,余松昌就像编队的指挥官。

于松昌已经生产了30多种辣椒和玉米。这些优良的种子使当地农民走上了繁荣之路。

富有成效的余松昌是一位真正的“地球专家”。 1973年,余松昌高中毕业后,回到家乡做农民。当时,旅民营的营长将杂交玉米品种新单1号的种子生产任务移交给他。他小心翼翼地日夜工作。但是,由于经验不足,他在错误地种植母亲的同时,没有种下父亲,导致无法授粉。他拒绝放弃并寻求帮助。他终于发现陆家台村的父亲的玉米种植在几公里外,可以为他母亲的玉米授粉。连续几天,他冲上了借花粉的道路,最后完成了杂交授粉。第二年,村民用他的种子将玉米的产量从150公斤增加到300公斤。在收获的那一刻,于松昌的心中充满了幸福和快乐,他正式走上了繁殖的道路。

As he studies, he concentrates on scientific research and concentrates on breeding. But in the north, corn is usually cooked every year, and in Hainan, which has a tropical climate, it can reach two seasons from October to early April. In order to speed up the breeding pace, in the autumn of 1994, after the corn matured, Yu Songchang borrowed a sum of money and went to Sanya, Hainan. He rented 13 mu of land at a price of 500 yuan per mu per year and sowed new hopes. Mosquito bites and poisonous snakes are infested. Yu Songchang does not care, putting all his body and mind into the breeding work.

Yu Songchang was not good at talking, but he mentioned that the fine varieties he cultivated were endless. "Before the restrictions of farming time and growth cycle, the types of wheat were not peppers, and the types of peppers were not wheat. When I choose one, I think about whether we can cultivate a new variety and let the land take care of both." In 2017, after repeated trials, Yu Songchang successfully cultivated Yuzhou red pepper. The pepper was planted after wheat harvesting, and the growth cycle was 100 days, which made the high quality, early maturity and high yield perfectly unified. Farmers' economic benefits Doubled. Today, this variety is widely planted in Fangcheng, and the masses affectionately call it "100-day red."

Due to his outstanding contribution in agricultural technology, Yu Songchang has been awarded the honorary title of “National Science Popularization Village Leader”, “Henan Province Labor Model” and “Henan Province Science and Technology Innovation Outstanding Person”.

Today, the 65-year-old Yu Songchang still lives in the “migrant-bird” life of Nanfanbei, and runs between Henan and Hainan.

“Every time a farmer friend gets a bumper harvest with my seeds, it’s my happiest moment to call me to report hi, all the hardships and tiredness are worth it!” he said.

Source: Henan Daily

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